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      森林里的“山脈建筑”,耐候防火又美觀大方第1張圖片

      TW Ryan建筑事務所采用耐候鋼材設計金字塔形住宅
      TW Ryan Architecture clads pyramidal Montana house in weathering steel

      由專筑網鄭京,小R編譯

      美國加州的TW Ryan 建筑工作室宣布完成了其位于美國西部的耐野火住宅建設項目,該住宅外立面是用一種名為考頓鋼(Corten steel)的耐候鋼材建造的金字塔形屋頂,寓意山脈地形。

      這座住宅名為“四頂屋”(Four Roof House),位于美國蒙大拿州(Montana)中部的偏遠地區,是為一對夫婦設計的,他們希望擁有一座低成本維護的住宅,可以在此安度晚年。

      California studio TW Ryan Architecture has completed a wildfire-resistant house in the American West that features a Corten steel exterior and pyramidal roofs that allude to the mountainous terrain.
      Located in a remote part of central Montana, the Four Roof House was designed for a couple who wanted a low-maintenance home where they could age in place.

      森林里的“山脈建筑”,耐候防火又美觀大方第2張圖片
      ▲ “四頂屋”采用一種名為考頓鋼(Corten steel)的耐候鋼材作為外立面材料
      Four Roof House features a Corten steel exterior


      該項目的選址位于赫爾姆維爾鎮(Helmville)附近的一片高地,可俯瞰一座湖泊。這樣的選址為項目帶來了一些挑戰,比如多變的天氣條件和附近野火的威脅。

      TW Ryan 建筑工作室總部位于美國加利福尼亞北部,他們表示該地區的微氣候以極端多變而聞名,包括30度的溫度變化、野火和高降雪量,夏季的野花和豐富的野生動物給生活帶來了些許緩解。

      Their chosen site was a bluff overlooking a lake near the town of Helmville. The site came with challenges, such as fluctuating weather conditions and threats of wildfire.
      "The micro-climate of the area is known for its harsh variability, including 30-degree temperature swings, wildfires and high snowfall, relived by summer months of wildflowers and abundant wildlife," said TW Ryan Architecture, which is based in northern California.

      森林里的“山脈建筑”,耐候防火又美觀大方第3張圖片
      ▲ TW Ryan建筑事務所為住宅設計了金字塔形房屋蓋頂
      TW Ryan Architecture topped the home with pyramidal roofs


      設計團隊的一個關鍵的設計目標是創建一座堅固的住宅,能夠經受住不斷變化的天氣條件,同時能加強與周圍獨特自然景觀環境的互動。

      該團隊設計了一個占地5000平方英尺(約465平方米)的住宅,其選址設計優先考慮了太陽的朝向和視野。住宅的一側作了傾斜角度設計,為平面布局增添了動態感。

      A key goal for the design team was to create a rugged home that could "withstand the ever-changing weather conditions, while reinforcing a refined engagement with the natural landscape of the unique site".
      The team conceived a 5,000-square-foot (465-square-metre) dwelling that is sited in a way that prioritises solar orientation and views. One side of the home is set at an angle, adding a dynamic quality to the plan.

      森林里的“山脈建筑”,耐候防火又美觀大方第4張圖片
      ▲ 住宅的室內設計取用了橡木和石頭等質樸材料裝飾了明亮的房間
      Inside, one finds bright rooms with earthy finishes such as oak and stone


      房屋頂部采用了一系列金字塔形屋頂設計,模仿了周圍的山脈。

      工作室表示,受毗鄰場地鮑爾·馬歇爾(Bob Marshall)國家荒野區山脈的啟發,四個帳篷形的屋頂像是自然地從下方不斷變化的平面上升起!

      The house is topped with a series of pyramidal roofs that mimic the surrounding mountains.
      "Inspired by the mountains of the Bob Marshall National Wilderness adjacent to the site, four tented roof peaks climb organically above a shifting floor plan below," the team said.

      森林里的“山脈建筑”,耐候防火又美觀大方第5張圖片
      ▲ 懸垂的大屋檐有助于保護房屋免受陽光直射
      Large roof overhangs help shield the home from direct sunlight


      寬大的屋檐有助于在炎熱的季節遮擋直射陽光,同時允許冬季陽光進入室內。墻壁和屋頂則都采用了帶有自然銅銹外觀的耐候鋼板。

      Large roof overhangs help shield the home from direct sunlight during warm months while still enabling solar penetration during the winter.
      Both the walls and roofs are wrapped in standing-seam weathering steel with a natural patina.

      森林里的“山脈建筑”,耐候防火又美觀大方第6張圖片
      ▲ 訪客可通過玄關進入室內
      Visitors enter via a mudroom


      隨著時間的推移,鋼板飾面將同現場富含銅的巖石形成視覺上的連續性。同時,這種材質還有助于抵御野火。

      設計團隊表示:“考頓鋼(Corten steel)不僅通過其自然形成的銅銹來記錄季節的變化,還提供了一個保護外殼,防范了該地區常因閃電引發的野火!

      Over time, the steel cladding will provide visual continuity with the copper-rich rock outcroppings on the site. It also helps protect against wildfire.
      "Corten steel not only registers the changing of seasons with its naturally forming patina, but also provides a protective shell from the wildfires often sparked by lightning strikes in the area," the team said.

      森林里的“山脈建筑”,耐候防火又美觀大方第7張圖片
      ▲ 鋼板覆蓋有助于防范野火
      The steel cladding helps protect against wildfire


      在住宅內部空間明亮溫馨,采用橡木和石材等自然材質進行裝飾。輻射供暖系統為住宅提供熱量,新鮮空氣則通過開啟的窗戶引入房屋。該團隊表示:“每個可居住的空間都采用了自然通風設計,所有主要公共空間則至少有三扇可開啟的窗戶,來形成穿堂風!

      Within the dwelling, one finds bright rooms with earthy finishes such as oak and stone. A radiant system provides heat, and fresh air flows in through operable windows.
      "Natural ventilation was incorporated into every inhabitable room, with all the primary public spaces having at least three operable windows to promote cross breezes," the team said.

      森林里的“山脈建筑”,耐候防火又美觀大方第8張圖片
      ▲ 住宅內部設計以中性色調為主
      Neutral hues define the interior


      位于西北側的入口處設有儲藏室和車庫,這一區域通往住宅的中央部分,那里有兩間臥室和一個公共區域。

      位于東南側的傾斜角度空間內設計了一個主臥套房,包括一間客廳和一個專為寵物狗設計的室外空間。

      房子的中心是公共區域,設有開放式廚房、用餐區和起居室。一扇玻璃墻和滑動門提供了一個無縫的過渡,通往戶外露臺。

      兩個金字塔形屋頂位于公共區域上方,每個屋頂頂部都設置了一個天窗,引入自然光線。雖然人們更喜歡自然光線,但為了保護客戶的藝術收藏品免受紫外線的傷害,精心管理了日光。

      The entrance side, on the northwest, contains a mudroom and garage. This area leads toward the central portion of the dwelling, where one finds two bedrooms and the communal zone.
      The offset, angled volume is on the southeast. It holds a primary bedroom suite, which includes a lounge and a dedicated outdoor space for dogs.
      The heart of the house is the communal area, which features an open-plan kitchen, dining area and living room. A glazed wall and sliding door offer a seamless transition to an outdoor deck.
      Two of the pyramidal roofs are set over the public area, and each is topped with a skylight that ushers in natural light. While the daylight is welcome, it needed to be carefully managed in order to protect the client's art collection from harmful UV rays.

      森林里的“山脈建筑”,耐候防火又美觀大方第9張圖片
      ▲ 住宅的中心設計了一個開放式廚房
      An open-plan kitchen features at the heart of the home


      為了應對這一需求,團隊設計了金字塔形的光反射器,懸掛在拱形天花板的正下方。這個反射器的靈感來自于著名建筑師路易斯·康(Louis Kahn)設計的金貝爾藝術博物館(Kimbell Art Museum)內部的翼形光反射器。

      設計團隊表示:“拱形天花板的表面被保持得干凈整潔,以突出其體量,而一個金字塔形的結構在白天可以將陽光反射回拱頂上,夜晚則使用集成LED燈具模擬類似的自然光照氛圍!

      In response, the team created pyramid-shaped light reflectors that hang just below the vaulted ceilings. The idea for the reflectors was inspired by the wing-shaped light reflectors found inside Louis Kahn's Kimbell Art Museum.
      "The surfaces of the vaulted ceilings are kept clean, emphasising their volume, while a pyramidal form reflects the sunlight back onto the ceiling vaults during the day – and uses integrated LED fixtures to simulate a similar natural lighting atmosphere at night," the team said.

      森林里的“山脈建筑”,耐候防火又美觀大方第10張圖片
      ▲ 位于蒙大拿州中部的“四頂屋”住宅
      Four Roof House is in central Montana


      除了房屋之外,該項目還涉及到景觀改造,例如種植當地的野花和野草。

      設計團隊表示:“客戶因為美麗的自然環境選擇了這個場地位置,所以維護和支持這個環境成為了設計的主要因素!

      Beyond the house, the project also involved landscape interventions, such as planting native wildflowers and field grasses.
      "As the client chose the location of the site for the beauty of its natural environment, maintaining and supporting this environment became a driving factor in the design," the team said.

      森林里的“山脈建筑”,耐候防火又美觀大方第11張圖片

      森林里的“山脈建筑”,耐候防火又美觀大方第12張圖片

      項目信息:

      設計建筑師和主要建筑師:T.W. Ryan Architecture
      建筑項目團隊:Thomas Ryan(負責人),Luigi Grosso(項目經理)
      室內設計師:Douglas Durkin Design
      室內設計團隊:Douglas Durkin,Greg Elich,Niluka de Pinto
      總承包商:Lohss Construction
      結構工程師:Salvetech Engineering
      機械工程師:Energy 1
      照明設計:Ambiance
      攝影:Joe Fletcher

      Project credits:
      Design architect and architect of record: T.W. Ryan Architecture
      Architect project team: Thomas Ryan (principal), Luigi Grosso, (project manager)
      Interior designer: Douglas Durkin Design
      Interior design team: Douglas Durkin, Greg Elich, Niluka de Pinto
      General contractor: Lohss Construction
      Structural engineer: Salvetech Engineering
      Mechanical engineer: Energy 1
      Lighting: Ambiance
      The photography is by Joe Fletcher.

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