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      橡木與漢麻混凝土拼貼暢想——倫敦馬廄房的重塑與改造第1張圖片

      Timber and hempcrete form patchwork facade of London mews house

      由專筑網王雪純,小R編譯

      Hempcrete Mewshouse是一座三層住宅,有著漢麻混凝土墻壁和拼貼立面,由當地工作室Cathie Curran在一個廢棄場地上增建而成。

      住宅位于Forest Gate街區,環繞著由鋼材和木材組成的格柵結構,采用了多種天然材料,包括橡木、固雅木、漢麻混凝土和陶土。場地原本作為一處小馬廄,建筑取代了之前的廢棄單層車庫。

      工作室創始人Cathie Curran說:“這個單層車庫已經閑置了一段時間,結構不穩固,臨時搭建在地面上的混凝土板之間還有一個巨大的坑,用來修理汽車發動機!

      Hempcrete walls and a patchwork facade characterise Hempcrete Mewshouse, a three-storey home that local studio Cathie Curran has added to a derelict site in east London.
      Located in Forest Gate, the home was built around a gridded structure made from steel and timber and features a variety of natural materials, including oak, accoya, hempcrete and terracotta. It replaces a derelict single-storey garage on a small mews site.
      "The single storey lock-up had been unused for some time, the structure was unsound and there was a huge pit in the makeshift floor slab for working on car engines," studio founder Cathie Curran told Dezeen.

      橡木與漢麻混凝土拼貼暢想——倫敦馬廄房的重塑與改造第2張圖片
      ▲ Hempcrete Mewshouse以漢麻混凝土墻和拼貼立面為特色
      Hempcrete walls and a patchwork facade characterise Hempcrete Mewshouse


      為了展示住宅的結構網格,面向街道的立面材質采用了拼貼風格,包括可以打開通風的暗色固雅木板材。

      另外,還有用石灰外抹灰防水的漢麻混凝土,覆蓋著紅色陶土瓦片,交替放置在立面上。

      Curran解釋說:“立面是對鋼材和木材混合結構的一種表達?蛻粢笞畲蟪潭鹊倪m應性和無障礙的地面層布局,因此使用了鋼結構框架來界定流線和分區,定義主要功能空間!

      Expressing the home's structural grid, the street-facing facade is clad in a patchwork-like pattern of materials, including panels of dark accoya wood planks, which can be opened in places for ventilation.
      In other places, hempcrete blocks are waterproofed with a lime render and covered in terracotta tiles, which have been placed in alternating directions.
      "The facade is an expression of the steel and timber tartan grid hybrid structure," explained Curran. "The brief required maximum adaptability and an unobstructed plan at ground level, so a steel frame was employed to delineate circulation and service areas and define the main spaces."

      橡木與漢麻混凝土拼貼暢想——倫敦馬廄房的重塑與改造第3張圖片
      ▲ 該住宅采用了多種天然材料
      The home features a variety of natural materials


      為了將住宅與相鄰的馬廄隔開,工作室在場地周圍建造了一系列屏風,形成了一個半私密的前庭院,由深灰色的門和圍墻圍合。

      進入嵌入立面網格的固雅木大門,來到天花板和墻壁都采用橡木飾面的住宅門廳,具有紋理的混凝土地板呼應著場地的工業歷史。

      To enclose the home from the rest of the mews, the studio built a series of screens around the site, creating a semi-private front courtyard bordered by dark grey gates and fences.
      Accessed through an accoya door built into the grid of the facade, the home's entrance hall features a ceiling and walls clad entirely in oiled oak, while a textural concrete floor draws on the industrial past of the site.

      橡木與漢麻混凝土拼貼暢想——倫敦馬廄房的重塑與改造第4張圖片
      ▲ 一處全高的樓梯位于門廳的一側
      A full-height stairwell sits on one side of the entrance hall


      貫穿住宅三層樓的樓梯由天窗照亮。樓梯的主要材質是橡木,但底座和最低的兩個臺階都是由混凝土制成,軟化了樓梯與下方明亮的混凝土地板之間的過渡。

      Curran表示:“舒緩的、有生命力的橡木與這條有著堅硬礦物質感的通道形成對比。采用頂部照明的入口空間充滿神秘感,像是一個減壓室,強調了從混亂到寧靜的過渡!

      A full-height stairwell to one side of the entrance hall stretches between all three floors of the home and is lit by a skylight. While the staircase is mainly made from oak, the base and two lowest steps are made from concrete, softening the transition between the stairs and the light concrete floor below.
      "The oak offers a soothing, organic contrast to the hard mineral atmosphere of the lane," said Curran. "The top-lit entrance space is mysterious, a decompression chamber to emphasise the transition from chaos to calm."

      橡木與漢麻混凝土拼貼暢想——倫敦馬廄房的重塑與改造第5張圖片
      ▲ 樓梯由天窗照亮
      The stairwell is lit by a skylight


      除了大廳以外,整個一樓都設置了開放式起居空間,橡木家具點綴其中,連柱子也用了橡木包裹。

      廚房盡頭的挑高空間配有橡木框架的玻璃墻和通往后花園的門,展示了樓上的漢麻混凝土板。

      Hempcrete Mewshouse的頂樓為臥室和浴室,以及一個可以俯瞰廚房的書房,通過百葉窗與下方的空間分隔開來。

      浴室采用了暖色調的橡木裝飾,墻壁和地板都鋪設有陶瓷磚,同時還有可打開的橡木墻板和通高窗戶。

      Curran表示:“石灰膏、橡木、陶土、大理石和淺色地面混凝土等古老材料與街道的工業氛圍形成鮮明對比,形成了宜人溫柔的氛圍!

      Beyond the lobby, open living spaces featuring oak joinery and furnishings have been arranged across the ground floor, punctuated by oak-clad columns.
      With a wall of glazing set in oak frames and doors that open onto the back garden, the double-height space at the end of the kitchen showcases the hempcrete panels that enclose the upper levels of the home.
      The top floors of Hempcrete Mewshouse comprise bedrooms and bathrooms along with a first-floor study which overlooks the kitchen and can be separated from the space below by shutters.
      Finished with warm-toned joinery, the bathrooms feature walls and floors covered in terracotta tiles, as well as openable oak wall panels and full-height windows.
      "Ancient materials such as lime plaster, oak, terracotta, marble, and pale ground concrete contrast with the industrial tone of the street, evoking a gentler time and place," said Curran.

      橡木與漢麻混凝土拼貼暢想——倫敦馬廄房的重塑與改造第6張圖片
      ▲ Hempcrete Mewshouse的頂樓設有臥室和浴室
      The top floors of Hempcrete Mewshouse comprise bedrooms and bathrooms


      在設計這棟住宅時,總部位于倫敦的工作室Cathie Curran規劃了將住宅分割為兩個公寓的方案,每個公寓都可以從街道上獨立進入。

      工作室表示:“如果要將房屋分割成兩個公寓,木梁和托梁可以重新使用,非承重的木制麻混凝土隔墻也可以輕松地移除。建筑的結構設計保證了可以簡單地轉換為兩個獨立單元,每個單元的入口都是獨立的。因此可以滿足跨代居住、共同居住或社會護理服務,甚至商業活動等功能!

      When designing the home, London-based studio Cathie Curran arranged the rooms to allow for future separation of the home into two apartments, each with separate access from the street.
      "The timber beams and joists can be redeployed to subdivide the house into a pair of apartments, likewise non-load-bearing timber stud hempcrete partitions can be easily removed," said the studio.
      "The structure will permit easy conversion into two separate units, each with independent street access, if desired. Multigenerational occupancy, co-living or social care provision, even commercial activity, could all be accommodated."

      橡木與漢麻混凝土拼貼暢想——倫敦馬廄房的重塑與改造第7張圖片
      ▲ 浴室的墻壁和地板都鋪有陶土瓦片
      The bathrooms feature walls and floors covered in terracotta tiles


      橡木與漢麻混凝土拼貼暢想——倫敦馬廄房的重塑與改造第8張圖片

      橡木與漢麻混凝土拼貼暢想——倫敦馬廄房的重塑與改造第9張圖片

      橡木與漢麻混凝土拼貼暢想——倫敦馬廄房的重塑與改造第10張圖片

      橡木與漢麻混凝土拼貼暢想——倫敦馬廄房的重塑與改造第11張圖片

      橡木與漢麻混凝土拼貼暢想——倫敦馬廄房的重塑與改造第12張圖片

      橡木與漢麻混凝土拼貼暢想——倫敦馬廄房的重塑與改造第13張圖片

      橡木與漢麻混凝土拼貼暢想——倫敦馬廄房的重塑與改造第14張圖片

      橡木與漢麻混凝土拼貼暢想——倫敦馬廄房的重塑與改造第15張圖片

      橡木與漢麻混凝土拼貼暢想——倫敦馬廄房的重塑與改造第16張圖片

      橡木與漢麻混凝土拼貼暢想——倫敦馬廄房的重塑與改造第17張圖片

      圖片由Chris Daly提供

      The photography is by Chris Daly.

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