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      從城市公路提升到綠色步道:倫敦阿爾弗雷德公園第1張圖片

      Alfred Place Gardens | LDA Design

      由專筑網王雪純,小R編譯

      該項目榮獲2023WLA-城市設計類別-榮譽提名

      阿爾弗雷德公園(Alfred Place Gardens)位于倫敦西區,緊鄰托特納姆法院路(Tottenham Court Road),地處尤斯頓路(Euston Road)和牛津街(Oxford Street)之間。這是片區25年來的第一座新公園,翻新道路空間來提供人與自然休憩之所。公園設有寬敞的座位、生物多樣性植被和提供陰涼的喬木。

      Winner of the Honour Award for the 2023 WLA Awards – Built Urban Design category
      Alfred Place Gardens is a tranquil, richly planted, and welcoming park in London’s West End, situated alongside Tottenham Court Road, between Euston Road and Oxford Street. It is the first new park in the area in 25 years, achieved by reclaiming road space for people and nature. It has generous seating, biodiverse planting and shade-giving mature trees.

      從城市公路提升到綠色步道:倫敦阿爾弗雷德公園第2張圖片

      從城市公路提升到綠色步道:倫敦阿爾弗雷德公園第3張圖片

      在成為一個宜人的城市綠地之前,阿爾弗雷德廣場是一個停滿車輛的小巷。由于沒有地方可坐,缺乏休憩空間,人們都只是匆匆經過。

      Before it became a welcoming city green space, Alfred Place was a heavily parked back street. With nowhere to sit, it was a place to hurry through. The neighbourhood lacked spaces for families and workers.

      從城市公路提升到綠色步道:倫敦阿爾弗雷德公園第4張圖片
      左下圖:改造前的阿爾弗雷德廣場;大圖:阿爾弗雷德公園
      Left Inset: Alfred Place Before; Large Image: Alfred Place Gardens;


      項目的出發點是將阿爾弗雷德廣場重新改造為支持社區和企業、鼓勵積極出行和改善空氣質量、創造更具氣候適應性的環境、減少洪水風險、提供更豐富的游客體驗的公園。

      The brief was to reimagine Alfred Place to support the community and businesses; to encourage active travel and improve air quality; to create a more climate resilient environment, reducing flood risk; and to provide a richer visitor experience.

      從城市公路提升到綠色步道:倫敦阿爾弗雷德公園第5張圖片

      這條街道重新命名為阿爾弗雷德公園花園(Alfred Place Gardens),現在以行人和自行車通行為主,同時也服務于必要功能和緊急車輛的通行。蜿蜒曲折的道路是公園的主軸線,配備優雅的彎曲木制座椅,方便人們社交。施工完成后,改造的價值立刻顯現,人們來到倫敦西區的中心,在陽光下舒展身體,享受新草坪的樂趣。公園里的趣味設施鼓勵家庭在這里可以呆更長時間。

      Renamed Alfred Place Gardens, the street now prioritises pedestrians and cyclists, whilst maintaining access for essential services and emergency vehicles. A meandering path provides a new spine and elegant, curved timber seating is designed to make socialising easy. The value was felt immediately as visitors stretched out on new lawns in the sunshine, in the heart of London’s West End. Playful elements encourage families to spend time.

      從城市公路提升到綠色步道:倫敦阿爾弗雷德公園第6張圖片

      公園通過景觀種植讓多樣體驗無縫連接。這里共有三個特色區域:成熟樹冠下有樹蔭的林地小徑,地面上鋪滿野韭菜、雪花蓮和蕨類植物。樹冠之間的空隙形成了連續的游樂空間序列。第三個區域有草坪和活動空間,在兩側種植著草本植物和多年生彩色植物。項目選種的植物都具備耐受酷熱干旱夏季的特性。土壤中的可生物降解保水凝膠提供了養分。穿過植物的石子、雕塑墻和攀爬設施增加了趣味性。

      The Gardens offer a variety of experiences made seamless through planting. There are three character areas: a dappled-shade woodland walk under a mature tree canopy with forest-floor planting of wild garlic, snowdrops, and ferns. This flows into a sequence of play spaces which make the most of openings in the tree cover. The third area features lounging lawns and an events space edged with grasses and colourful herbaceous perennials. Planting is selected to withstand hot, dry summers. Biodegradable moisture retention gels in the soil provide back up. Steppingstones through the planting, sculptural walls and climbing features add interest.

      從城市公路提升到綠色步道:倫敦阿爾弗雷德公園第7張圖片

      公園的設計也考慮到了突發暴雨。透水的樹脂路徑包含30%的回收材料,可以吸收雨水來滋潤兩側的植物。大面積的植物種植也形成了集水區。安全的騎行道和游步道以及自行車停車架鼓勵不同的出行方式。

      The park is designed to tolerate sudden deluges. Permeable resin paths include 30% recycled content, with absorbed rainwater quenching the borders. Combined with significant areas of new planting, this creates a substantial water catchment area. A safe cycle and pedestrian connection and new bike stands support active travel.

      從城市公路提升到綠色步道:倫敦阿爾弗雷德公園第8張圖片

      從城市公路提升到綠色步道:倫敦阿爾弗雷德公園第9張圖片

      最終的設計方案由當地居民、工人、企業和利益團體共同塑造,F場舉行了臨時咨詢活動,有一位全職的卡姆登社區合作官員幫助建立關系。設計工作坊在附近的建筑中心舉辦。收到了包括“多設座位”和“越綠越好”在內的眾多評論。

      The final design was shaped through engagement with local residents, workers, businesses and interest groups. Pop-up consultation events were held on site, and a full-time Camden Engagement Officer helped build relationships. Design workshops were hosted at the nearby Building Centre. Comments included ‘lots of seating’ and ‘green as possible’.

      從城市公路提升到綠色步道:倫敦阿爾弗雷德公園第10張圖片

      從城市公路提升到綠色步道:倫敦阿爾弗雷德公園第11張圖片

      從城市公路提升到綠色步道:倫敦阿爾弗雷德公園第12張圖片

      阿爾弗雷德花園項目來自卡姆登市獲獎的西區規劃,由LDA Design公司承接,是該自治市由市政府主導的最大規模的公共領域和交通方案。除了阿爾弗雷德公園,該規劃還包括維特菲爾德花園(Whitfield Gardens)的修復以及道路空間改造、普林斯廣場(Princes Circus)新市政中心、四個小型公園。規劃實施后片區兩條主要道路的擁堵狀況顯著減少,在限制時間內托特納姆法院路的擁堵情況減少了高達70%。西區規劃還成功吸引了更多游客前來,一周內達到了一百萬名游客。當地的文化遺產得到修復和保護,新增了大約2.6公里的自行車道,空氣質量也得到了改善,二氧化氮水平優于2018年。

      Alfred Place Gardens is part of Camden’s award-winning West End Project with LDA Design, the borough’s largest council-led public realm and transport scheme. As well as Alfred Place Gardens, the programme includes restoration of Whitfield Gardens and the reclaiming of road space to create a jewel of a new civic space at Princes Circus, plus four new pocket parks. Congestion on the two main roads in the area has reduced significantly, by as much as 70% on Tottenham Court Road during restricted hours. The West End Project has also successfully attracted more people to the area, hitting one million visitors in a week. Local heritage is restored and cared for, there are around 2.6km of new cycle lanes and air quality has improved, with NO2 better than 2018 levels.

      從城市公路提升到綠色步道:倫敦阿爾弗雷德公園第13張圖片

      阿爾弗雷德公園完美反映出市中心道路公園改造的合理性,直接挑戰了以車輛為主導的社會認知。它的規模相當重要。作為社區中常見的街道,阿爾弗雷德公園讓人更容易地理解其他社區如何進行類似的改造。它反映出人們對城市街道的期望發生了根本性的轉變,作為一個慢節奏、更柔和、更綠色、更健康的城市景觀的優秀案例,公園滿足了人們的諸多需求。

      Alfred Place Gardens demonstrates that city centre road to park conversions make perfect sense, posing a visceral challenge to society’s blithe acceptance of vehicle domination. Its scale is significant. As an everyday street common to most neighbourhoods, Alfred Place Gardens makes it easy for people to see how their area could be similarly improved. It represents a radical shift in what people can expect from city streets and is a high-quality example of a slower, softer, greener, healthier urban landscape that feels rewarding.

      從城市公路提升到綠色步道:倫敦阿爾弗雷德公園第14張圖片

      項目名稱:阿爾弗雷德公園
      項目地點:英國,倫敦
      景觀設計師事務所,首席設計師:LDA Design
      客戶:卡姆登議會
      土木、機電和結構工程師:Norman Rourke Pryme
      燈光設計:Michael Grubb Studio
      承包商:ID Verde
      西區規劃總戰略:DSDHA
      圖片來源:Neil Speakman / LDA Design; LDA Design

      Alfred Place Gardens
      Location: London, UK.
      Project team to be credited:
      LDA Design – Landscape Architect, Lead Designer
      Camden Council – Client
      Arcadis – Civil, M&E and Structural Engineers
      Norman Rourke Pryme – Construction Project Management and Cost Consultancy
      Michael Grubb Studio – Lighting Design
      ID Verde – Contractor
      DSDHA – Overarching West End Project Strategy
      Image Credits: Neil Speakman / LDA Design; LDA Design;

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