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      這個“彩虹”星球規劃,宇航員見了都喜歡!第1張圖片

      加加林谷
      GAGARIN VALLEY

      由專筑網逸希,小R編譯

      MVRDV事務所受亞美尼亞非營利組織 DAR 基金會的委托,為其區域發展和競爭力的提升制定出總體規劃,將加加林谷(Gagarin Valley)18000 公頃的地域改造為更具可持續性和生態多樣性的土地。10,000多種植物將會在該山谷上茁壯成長。在創新設施和未來住房的幫助下,該區域將額外增加12,000 套住房,這里將會成為可持續農業和生態旅游的理想社區,且歡迎新居民的加入。

      Commissioned by the Armenian non-profit organisation DAR Foundation for Regional Development and Competitiveness, MVRDV's vision for the Gagarin Valley will make the 18,000-hectare area more sustainable and ecologically diverse. In the Gagarin Valley, 10,000 plant species will soon flourish on as many plots. With the help of innovative facilities and future-proof housing that will add 12,000 new housing units, the valley will become an ideal base for sustainable agriculture and ecotourism and welcome a new generation of residents.

      這個“彩虹”星球規劃,宇航員見了都喜歡!第2張圖片

      高加索地區最大的湖塞凡湖(Lake Sevan)位于鄰近首都埃里溫50公里處,其附近的加加林谷以宇航員尤里·加加林(Yuri Gagarin)的名字命名。山谷四周群山環繞,大約11,000 名居民生活在山谷中,分布在由不同土地組成的獨特地形上,當地社區擁有其中大約三分之一的土地。

      受亞美尼亞非營利組織 DAR 基金會的委托,MVRDV事務所為該地區構想了一個方案,在這個方案中,加加林谷的潛力得到最大發揮,在土地上增加了各種配套設施。這一愿景將在與當地各方的溝通中實現,即把加加林谷轉變為一個適合可持續農業,和可展望未來的多功能生活景觀。同時也是一個生態旅游和休閑的地方,成為人們步行、徒步足、騎自行車和騎馬的熱門目的地。

      Armenia's Gagarin Valley – named after cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin – is located near Lake Sevan, the largest lake in the Caucasus and only 50 kilometres from the capital Yerevan. Surrounded by mountains, roughly 11,000 inhabitants live in several villages spread throughout the valley. The landscape consists of a patchwork of different pieces of land, of which the local community owns about one third.
      Commissioned by the DAR Foundation for Regional Development and Competitiveness, MVRDV designed a vision for the area in which the potential of the valley is optimised and various facilities are added. The ambition, which will be realised in consultation with local parties, is to turn the valley into a versatile and future-proof landscape that is suitable for sustainable agriculture on various scales. Gagarin Valley must become a more attractive place to live in, as well as an area for ecotourism and recreation, serving as a destination for people to walk, hike, cycle, and ride horses.

      這個“彩虹”星球規劃,宇航員見了都喜歡!第3張圖片

      開發設計的第一步是尊重且保留當地的歷史,即保留和加固現有選址上如同馬賽克般的10,000個地塊。為此,該設計團隊通過在地塊之間的邊界上鋪設新的運河、公共道路和種植綠色植物來改善水系統,這形成了山谷總體規劃的基礎,減少水分蒸發,同時增強了水的緩沖能力和物種多樣性。在每組地塊上,將種植不同的植物。這不僅會使景觀在視覺上更具吸引力,而且還會促進區域經濟多元化。

      在山谷內,現有道路以及其他的步行和自行車道將不同的村莊連接在一起。水資源管理將得到極大地改善:通過修復和擴大赫拉茲丹河(Hrazdan River)路線,同時結合新的河道系統,來灌溉農田和保護水源。

      可持續農業和生態旅游圣地:MVRDV事務所在亞美尼亞推出自給自足的山谷愿景。

      The first step towards this self-sustaining valley is to embrace the history of the area: the mosaic of 10,000 existing plots will be preserved and reinforced, and the water system in this dry region will be improved by lining the boundaries between them with canals, public paths, and greenery. This forms the base of the valley masterplan, reducing evaporation while enhancing water buffers and biodiversity. On each plot, different species will be planted. This will not only make the landscape visually more attractive, but will also stimulate economic diversity.
      In the valley, existing roads will continue to form the starting point for connecting all the villages. Additional walking and cycling paths are created within existing structures. Water management will be improved tremendously: the restoration and enlargement of the route of the Hrazdan River, in combination with the new canal system, is an important part of the vision, and water reservoirs in the mountains and other water sources can be used to irrigate farmland.
      A base for sustainable agriculture and ecotourism: MVRDV launches vision for self-sufficient valley in Armenia.

      這個“彩虹”星球規劃,宇航員見了都喜歡!第4張圖片

      該區域之所以以宇航員尤里·加加林(Yuri Gagarin)的名字命名是因為他是第一個進入地球軌道的,他已經看到了地球的脆弱性。正如許多宇航員所強調的那樣,這是一個需要特殊照顧的家園。MVRDV事務所的合伙創始人Winy Maas表示:“我也有同樣的擔憂:促進生物多樣性、改善水資源管理和生態系統,對加加林谷和世界的未來都至關重要。這個山谷可以被看作是一系列的試驗田,有10000種植物將很快在這里繁茂生長,這將使該地區看起來像一個伊甸園!

      加加林谷包含有幾座村莊,其中一些是蘇聯時代的特色舊建筑。這些將被改造成新的建筑,以減少建筑材料的浪費。他們的設計靈感來自傳統亞美尼亞農舍,采用植被屋頂,這種未來創新型、可持續的住房將使山谷對不同的目標群體都具有吸引力,并使該地區能夠再次吸引住年輕的亞美尼亞人。

      “The area is named after Yuri Gagarin, who was the first human to orbit the earth; he saw the planet’s vulnerability, a house in need of extra care, as many other astronauts have since stressed. I share that concern: stimulating biodiversity, improving water management and the ecosystem is of great importance for the future of the Gagarin Valley and the world,” says MVRDV founding partner Winy Maas. “The valley can be seen as a series of test fields for the 10,000 species that will soon flourish there, an enrichment that will give the area the appearance of a garden of Eden.”
      The Gagarin Valley has several villages, some featuring buildings from Soviet times. These will be transformed into the new buildings to waste as little building materials as possible. Traditional Armenian farmhouses will form the inspiration for the newly built homes, to which green, vegetated roofs will be added. This new future and the innovative, sustainable housing will make the valley attractive for different target groups and make the area attractive again for young Armenians.

      這個“彩虹”星球規劃,宇航員見了都喜歡!第5張圖片

      10,000個風格迥異的花園將包含著各種各樣的設施,最大限度地使居民能夠在山谷里停留。該方案包括一個市場大廳、一個商業中心、一個藝術中心和一個可容納4,500 名游客的下沉式體育場,而一個球形的教育農業中心將位于山谷的中心,周圍環繞著堆疊成垂直村莊的房屋。

      Winy Maas補充說:“我們設計了一個像迷你星球一樣的球體,教室圍繞著該球形空間,山谷和其他地方的所有植被都被展示和監測。這個球體將被一個包含所有植物的中央公園所包圍,一個科學植物園,投射在鏡面球體建筑上。我想作為宇航員的加加林肯定會喜歡的!

      MVRDV事務所的愿景與亞美尼亞的雄心壯志非常契合,政府希望為可持續農業景觀提供財政支持,并希望重振該地區的旅游業。到2026年,該國的目標是每年吸引約250萬名游客,改造后的加加林谷將為此做出重大貢獻。

      The patchwork of 10,000 different gardens will contain various facilities that will make a stay in the valley even more attractive. The vision proposes a market hall, a commercial centre, a centre for the arts, and a sunken stadium for 4,500 visitors. The heart of the valley will be formed by an educational agricultural centre, around which the highest density can be found, with houses stacked to form vertical villages.
      “We designed a sphere that acts as mini-planet, where the classrooms surround a spherical void and where all the species of the valley and beyond are shown and monitored”, adds Winy Maas. “The sphere will be surrounded by a central park that contains all the species – a scientific arboretum, reflected in the mirroring sphere. Gagarin would have loved it, I think.”
      MVRDV's vision fits in well with Armenia's ambition: the government wants to provide financial support for sustainable agriculture and has ambitions to revive tourism to the area. By 2026, the country aims to attract some 2.5 million tourists a year, to which the transformed Gagarin Valley will make a significant contribution.

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      項目信息:
      地點:亞美尼亞
      城市:加加林
      年份:2022年
      占地面積:179450000 m2
      委托方:非營利組織 DAR 基金會
      項目階段:在建工程
      項目類別:教育、住宅、文化、工業、總體規劃
      主題:住宅,混合使用,可持續發展,城市主義

      Location: Armenia   
      City: Gagarin        
      Year: 2022         
      Surface: 179450000 m2  
      Client: DAR Foundation for Regional Development and Competitiveness
      Status: In progress
      Programmes: Educational , Residential , Cultural , Industrial , Master plan
      Themes: Housing , Mixed use , Sustainability , Urbanism

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