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      城市更新范例——休斯敦中城區第1張圖片

      城市更新范例——休斯敦中城區第2張圖片

      中城區 | 美國休斯敦 | Design Workshop
      Midtown District | Houston, USA | Design Workshop

      由專筑網K&C,小R編譯

      中城區-2021年WLA獎得主–城市設計類別成就獎

      在巴尤市受到接連不斷的颶風和旱災侵襲之后,人們更加認識到城市韌性的重要性。中城區的轉型體現出景觀設計師塑造城市形態的能力,即基于景觀績效來提供綠色基礎設施效益。通過一系列城市設計指標的出臺、11.25英畝的公園和4.55英里的綠道設計,如德克薩斯州首條經過認證的綠道,景觀設計師讓休斯敦這個曾經被忽視的社區搖身一變成為最著名的多功能模式社區。面對氣候變化和海平面上升的問題,這些設計干預為實現更可持續的濱海環境指明了方向。景觀設計師所打造的創意空間帶來了巨大的經濟價值,不僅減少了空置率,增加了物業價值,并在完善基礎設施和提升公共空間方面獲取了可觀的投資回報。隨著社區的廣泛參與,中城區在保留社會經濟多元化特征的同時,讓公園和開放空間的可達性更加公平,提升所有城市居民的生活水平。

      Midtown District – Winner of the 2021 WLA Awards – Merit Award in the Built – Urban Design category
      Repeated hurricanes and droughts have taken their toll on the Bayou City and raised awareness of the need for a more resilient city. The transformation of Midtown demonstrates the ability of landscape architects to shape urban form and to provide the benefits of green infrastructure through a performance-based landscape. The creation of urban design standards, the design of 11.25 acres of parks and 4.55 miles of roadways, including the first certified Green Road in Texas, the landscape architects helped to create Houston’s premier mixed-use, multi-modal district from what was once a neglected neighborhood. In the face of climate change and rising seas, these design interventions point the way to a more sustainable coastal environment.  Through creative place-making, the landscape architects have driven enormous economic value, reducing vacancies, increasing property values, and producing a significant return on investment in infrastructure and improvements to the public realm. With extensive community engagement, Midtown remains a socio-economically diverse neighborhood with more equitable access to parks, open space, and the benefits of urban living for all.

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      城市更新范例——休斯敦中城區第4張圖片

      盡管中城區已擁有深厚的歷史,得天獨厚的區位,創設了稅收增量再投資區(TIRZ),以及20年代末期來自倫敦金融城的一些重要投資項目,但中城區仍在努力地挖掘發展潛力。2010年,為了給老社區注入新的活力,中城區建立了宜居研究中心,所開展的項目持續了10多年。我們通過前期分析把現狀分為三個“分區”,每個分區在晝夜的不同時間主導不同活動。這些區域被人行道和空地所割裂,行人會感到不安全、不舒服,甚至有危險感。在監管框架修訂的指導下,設計團隊填補了這些空白,通過一系列關鍵的空間設計將區域連接起來。設計團隊沿著主街布置標志性的燈光,串聯起中城最高的建筑,并順著地鐵系統從市中心延伸到 NRG 體育場,突顯出中城的身份。巴格比街以獨特的材料和城市家具反映出休斯頓作為港口城市的工業特色。中城公園建造了一條水道和集水系統,抽象地呼應著休斯頓的天然海灣、灌木沼澤和洼地森林。巴格比公園中巨大的“中城”標識作為背景,組成全新的城市天際線。

      Despite its rich history, an ideal location, the establishment of Tax Increment Reinvestment Zone (TIRZ), and some signature investments from the City as of the late 2000’s, Midtown was still struggling to meet its potential. What began as a Livable Center Study in 2010 in an effort to breathe new life and redevelopment into the Midtown District has led to over 10 years of implementation projects. Our early analysis identified three existing ‘subdistricts’ that each drew significant activity at various times of day and night. In between these districts were broken pedestrian systems and empty parcels. Walking felt unsafe, uncomfortable, and even dangerous. Aided by changes to the regulatory framework, the design team has filled these gaps and connected the subdistricts through a series of key placemaking moments. Along Main Street, the team introduced iconic lights that march down Midtown’s tallest buildings and reinforce the identity of Midtown along METRO’s light rail system that stretches from downtown to NRG stadium. Bagby Street designed specific materials and furnishings to reflect the industrial character of Houston as port city. Midtown Park constructed a water channel and detention system which abstracts the natural bayous, shrubs swamps, and bottomland forests of Houston. Bagby Park created tall ‘midtown’ letters as a backdrop for unprecedented views of the downtown skyline.

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      城市更新范例——休斯敦中城區第7張圖片

      自 2012 年以來,該項目及其附屬項目為中城人口50%的增長率做出了貢獻。僅巴格比街和中城公園在建成后就獲得了超過4.5億美元的私人投資。通過對綜合規劃、城市設計?沙掷m公園和街道設計的精準把控,景觀設計師挖掘出公共空間的潛力,鼓勵社區、地方政府和私人開發商為此投資。原本由閑置的空地和荒廢的停車場組成的中城區,現已成為被綠色綠洲包圍的城市生活范本。

      These projects and others have contributed to the 50% growth in Midtown’s population since 2012. Bagby Street and Midtown Park alone have generated over $450 million dollars in private investment since construction. With an understanding of comprehensive planning, urban design, and sustainable park and street design, the landscape architect created a vision of the public realm that incentivized support from the community, local governments, and private developers. Midtown, which was largely filled with vacant parcels and underutilized parking lots, has become the model for urban living surrounded by a green oasis.

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      城市更新范例——休斯敦中城區第9張圖片

      城市更新范例——休斯敦中城區第10張圖片

      中城區
      地點:美國,德克薩斯州,休斯頓
      圖片來源:Design Workshop

      城市規劃和景觀設計:Design Workshop
      Kurt Culbertson, Claire Hempel, Alex Ramirez, Sarah Delcambre, Alex Hill, Tarana Hafiz, Brian Chambers, Steven Spears*, Rebecca Leonard*, Philip Koske*, Jason Ferster*, Steve Moore*, Mary Martinich*
      * 號表示已退出Design Workshop的成員

      顧問/合作方
      Nelson-Nygaard
      Walter P Moore
      Knudson
      Urban Architecture
      Water Design, Inc.
      Regenerative Environmental Design
      The Goodman Corp
      Lionheart Places
      RPH

      Midtown District
      Location: Houston, Texas, USA
      Image Credits: All provided images from Design Workshop, Inc
      Landscape Architecture and Urban Design: Design Workshop
      Kurt Culbertson, Claire Hempel, Alex Ramirez, Sarah Delcambre, Alex Hill, Tarana Hafiz, Brian Chambers, Steven Spears*, Rebecca Leonard*, Philip Koske*, Jason Ferster*, Steve Moore*, Mary Martinich*
      * no longer at Design Workshop
      Consultants/Collaborators
      Nelson-Nygaard
      Walter P Moore
      Knudson
      Urban Architecture
      Water Design, Inc.
      Regenerative Environmental Design
      The Goodman Corp
      Lionheart Places
      RPH

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